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Prospective Associates
The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)

The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is a humanitarian institution based in Geneva, Switzerland. All the signatories (countries) to the four Geneva Conventions of 1949 and their Additional Protocols of 1977 and 2005 have given the ICRC a mandate to protect victims of international and internal armed conflicts, like the war wounded, the imprisoned, the displaced, etc. With three Nobel Peace Prizes in 1917, 1944 and 1963, it is one of the most widely recognized organizations in the world.

ICRC supervises and coordinates the activities of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) founded in 1919. In 1963, the Federation, which was then known as the League of Red Cross Societies, was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize jointly with the ICRC. The ICRC also gives recognition to National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies that exist in nearly every country in the world. Currently 188 National Societies are recognized by the ICRC and admitted as full members of the Federation.

The values that the Red Cross has formally stated to be of importance for promotion are the protection of life, health and human dignity, respect for the human being, non-discrimination on the basis of nationality, race, gender, religious beliefs, disability, class or political opinions, mutual understanding, friendship, cooperation and lasting peace among people and service by volunteers.

Disaster response, disaster preparedness, community care and capacity building are some of its activities. Its major activities are hospital services, blood bank, HIV/AIDS programmes, home for disabled servicemen, vocational training centres, tracing activities, maternity , child and family welfare, nursing, junior red cross activities, preparedness and prevention of communicable & infectious diseases, relief operations in fire, railway & other accidents and events .

World Health Organisation

World Health Organization (WHO) is the United Nations’ specialized agency for matters related with health. Its objective is the attainment by all people of the highest possible level of health. . It is an inter-governmental organization that works in collaboration with its member states usually through the Ministries of Health.

WHO's Secretariat is staffed by health professionals, other experts and support staff working at headquarters in Geneva, six regional offices and country offices. WHO's secretariat focuses on articulating consistent, ethical and evidence-based policy and advocacy positions, managing information by assessing trends and comparing performance.

The Secretariat also sets the agenda for and stimulate research and development, catalyses change through technical and policy support, in ways that stimulate cooperation and action and help to build sustainable national and inter-country capacity. Negotiating and sustaining national and global partnerships, setting, validating, monitoring and pursuing proper implementation of norms and standards and stimulating the development and testing of new technologies, tools and guidelines for disease control, risk reduction, health care management, and service delivery also are activities on which the Secretariat focuses.